What was the cost of deposing Shah Jahan?  

There is a cost you have to pay for every action. Deposing Shah Jahan brought great challenges to Aurangzeb. With the refusal of the Chief Qazi to accept his succession to the every anticipating and demanding nobles Aurangzeb had a lot of challenges to face as long as Shah Jahan was a live both internally and externally.

Internal challenges

  • Aurangzeb had no choice but to replace the Chief Justice an act which if not done with proper care would again open a flood of troubles.
  • Luckily for him he found Qazi Abdul Wahab gujarati to support him and made him the chief justice.
  • Now that he had deposed Shah Jahan and killed all of his brothers he had to prove to the nobles that he is a much better alternative than his father.
  • He set out an ambitious military expansion plan for the empire which was not to succeed eventually and brought needless strains and drains on the revenue of the state.
  • As a result nearly 30 years of his life was spent in the battlefield leading up to his death in 1707.

External Challenges

  • In his quest for foreign recognition he sent out ambassadors to Persia and the Shareefs of Mecca and the Ottoman Empire and Central Asia.
  • Interestingly the Persians offered him their recognition without much opposition.
  • The Shareefs of Mecca after initial hesitation gave in due to their selfish motives of harnessing money from the wealth of the Mughals who sent extensive annual donations to the holy land.
  • However the Ottoman Sultans were the most furious with Aurangzeb’s actions and in an unprecedented rebuke did not offer him recognition until the 30th year of his reign.
  • Ofcourse this had to do with Shah Jahan’s grand alliances and friendships he had with the Ottoman Sultans against the Safavids.
But relatively Aurangzeb’s reign was one of isolation in the Muslim world.