Murad Baksh a strong ally imprisoned
and later executed?
This is an
interesting question. Why did
Aurangzeb imprison his brother Murad
who had all along supported him in
his battles and with whom he had a
noble treaty to honor? To explain
this mystery we look at the actions
of Murad and his supporters. It is
worth mentioning here that the
details of Muradís unfortunate end
have only been chronicled in great
detail by Khafi Khan in his
Muntakhab ul Lubab. The father of
Khafi Khan was a recipient of
Muradís aid when he was in captivity
at Gwalior. It is therefore with
caution that we need to state the
events leading up to his death.
Murad was being treated for his
deep wounds in the battle.
- On his
recovery and on the instigation
of supporters who filled his
ears against Aurangzebís hidden
ambitions, Murad began to slip
from his stated position.
- He started
courting nobles who had already
pledged allegiance to Aurangzeb
over to his side.
- An ever
alert and astute Aurangzeb
quickly realized the imminent
danger lest he should be
careless and caught by a
- It has
also been alleged that Shah
Jahan sent some secret letters
to Murad instigating him to rise
up against his brother Aurangzeb.
fully well the fate of events to
come Aurangzeb treacherously
trapped Murad by inviting him
over for a feast at his royal
- Murad was
initially sent off to the state
prison at Gwalior.
his supporters would not rest
and planned his escape even from
receiving the news of his
attempt to escape Aurangzeb
decided to get rid of him.
- Being the
proponent of Sharia Law himself
he could not order his execution
in blatant violation and instead
dug out an old case of murder
pending in Gujrat when he was
the former viceroy.
- The Qadi
(Judge) pronounced the judgement
and Murad was put to death on 4th
- His body
was buried in the Traitors
Cemetary of Gwalior.
years afterwards, Aurangzib,
then an old man hastening to his
latter end, refers to the grave
of his murdered brother, but
without a word of remorse or